Major events in magnesium industry
2021 is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China and an extraordinary year for the magnesium industry. Magnesium alloy materials have helped the "tianwen-1" probe successfully land on the surface of Mars, the Tianhe core module enters the space station, the application of magnesium battery materials and magnesium building templates, and the green and low-carbon development of magnesium smelting. The major events of this year's magnesium industry are like knots on a long rope, which string up the flowing time, which is unforgettable and worth remembering for a long time.
1、 Continuously standardize management and support the development of magnesium industry with a number of policies
1. The Ministry of industry and information technology publishes the list of enterprises that meet the standard conditions of magnesium industry (the first batch)
On January 4, 2021, according to the standard conditions of magnesium industry (Announcement No. 8, 2020 of the Ministry of industry and information technology), the Ministry of industry and information technology published the list of enterprises (the first batch) that meet the standard conditions of magnesium industry through the procedures of enterprise application, verification by local industry authorities, expert group review, on-site verification, soliciting Department opinions and online publicity. Anhui Chaohu Yunhai Magnesium Industry Co., Ltd., Shanxi Wutai Yunhai Magnesium Industry Co., Ltd. and Shanxi new energy Magnesium Industry Co., Ltd. were selected. The second batch of 6 enterprises have been reported, waiting for announcement.
2. The new catalogue of encouraged industries in the western region (version 2020) was issued, and magnesium alloy projects in the western region can enjoy tax incentives
On January 18, 2021, the national development and Reform Commission issued the catalogue of encouraged industries in the western region (2020 version), which will come into force on March 1, 2021. Chongqing, Shaanxi, Guizhou, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and other provinces and regions encourage the development of magnesium industry in terms of magnesium alloy deep-processing products, development and production of high-performance magnesium alloys, special magnesium alloy materials, and continuous dehydration of magnesium chloride hexahydrate (MgCl2 · 6H2O) to anhydrous magnesium chloride, Enterprises in encouraged industries in the western region will be subject to enterprise income tax at a reduced rate of 15%.
3. The emergency management department published the safety regulations on dust explosion prevention in industrial and trade enterprises, which involves aluminum and magnesium processing enterprises
On July 25, 2021, the emergency management department published the safety regulations on dust explosion prevention in industrial and trade enterprises (hereinafter referred to as the regulations), which has five chapters and 32 articles and will come into force as of September 1, 2021. Articles 15 and 18 of the regulations set specific requirements for the dust removal methods of metal dust and the collection, storage and other disposal links of metal dust and magnesium alloy scrap in aluminum and magnesium enterprises, so as to escort the safe production of aluminum and magnesium enterprises.
4. Magnesium alloy wheels and high-performance magnesium alloy extrusions were selected into the Guiding Catalogue for the first application demonstration of key new materials (2021 Edition)
On December 31, 2021, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the guidance catalogue for the first batch of application demonstration of key new materials (2021 version), which will come into force as of January 1, 2022. The Guiding Catalogue for the first batch of application demonstration of key new materials (2019 version) shall be abolished at the same time. Magnesium alloy wheels and high-performance magnesium alloy extrusions were selected.
5. Four magnesium alloy projects are proposed to be included in the national key R & D plan "advanced structure and composite materials"
On December 13, 2021, the high technology research and development center of the Ministry of science and technology publicized the information of 38 projects to be approved in 2021 for the key special project of "advanced structure and composite materials". The publicity list includes four magnesium alloy projects: Key Technologies for large-scale casting / forging and application of high-performance magnesium alloy, key technologies for manufacturing new structural and functional integrated magnesium alloy deformation processing materials, integrated calculation, design and preparation of ultra-high stiffness magnesium matrix composites, and precision injection molding technology of high-strength and light metal structural materials.
6. Magnesium smelting was included in the selection of energy efficiency "leaders" of key energy consuming industries in 2021 for the first time
On December 31, 2021, the Ministry of industry and information technology and the State Administration of market supervision jointly launched the selection of energy efficiency "leaders" in key energy consuming industries in 2021. The selection scope includes 20 industries such as steel, coking, ferroalloy, electrolytic aluminum, copper smelting, lead smelting, zinc smelting, magnesium smelting, cement, ethylene, coal to olefin, synthetic ammonia, methanol and calcium carbide.
2、 Give full play to the role of the association as a platform and strengthen industry exchanges
1. The magnesium industry branch launched the proposal on jointly promoting the healthy development of the magnesium industry
In 2021, magnesium prices experienced unprecedented fluctuations. Driven by the rising prices of coal, ferrosilicon and other raw materials and the "dual control of energy consumption", the price of raw magnesium has risen all the way, and the crazy rise in price has dealt a great blow to the downstream industries. Facing the difficult situation of magnesium industry, the branch of magnesium industry actively reflects the actual situation of the industry to relevant government departments; The proposal on jointly promoting the healthy development of the magnesium industry was launched to the magnesium industry, suggesting that all magnesium enterprises overcome production and operation difficulties, actively improve capacity utilization, abide by laws and regulations, operate rationally, actively fulfill the contract, and consciously resist excessive hoarding of metal magnesium and speculation not in their own production and operation needs on the premise of production safety. At the same time, it calls on relevant state departments to strengthen the market monitoring of magnesium production raw materials such as coal and ferrosilicon, stabilize market expectations, keep magnesium prices within a reasonable range, and jointly promote the healthy and sustainable development of magnesium industry.
2. The magnesium R & D center of magnesium industry branch of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association was established in fugu
In June 2021, after more than two years of preparation, the metal magnesium R & D center of magnesium branch of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association was officially put into operation in Fugu County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, which also marked that the development of magnesium industry in Fugu County has entered a new stage.
The metal magnesium R & D center of magnesium industry branch of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association is jointly initiated by magnesium industry branch of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association and Fugu County Government. It aims to build a scientific and technological innovation highland, achievement transformation highland and talent training highland with Fugu magnesium industry concentration area as the core and radiating and driving other magnesium industry areas in China.
3. In 2021, the national Magnesium Industry Conference and the 24th Annual Meeting of magnesium industry branch were held in Yulin, Shaanxi Province
From October 18 to 20, 2021, with the theme of "green smelting, low-carbon development and building a win-win ecosystem of magnesium industry", the 2021 national Magnesium Industry Conference and the 24th Annual Meeting of magnesium industry branch were grandly held in Yulin City, Shaanxi Province. The conference was hosted by Yulin Municipal People's government and magnesium branch of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association. More than 500 magnesium industry experts, scholars and representatives of related industries from all over the country attended the meeting.
During the meeting, the magnesium industry branch held the fourth member congress, selected and elected the Fifth Council of magnesium industry branch and the person in charge of the Fifth Council, elected Lin Ruhai as the president of the Fifth Council, sun Qian as the secretary general, and Ding Wenjiang and other 18 as vice presidents.
4. The Symposium on magnesium alloy building formwork was held in Yulin, Shaanxi Province
In order to actively implement the "double carbon" goal and accelerate the scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, on October 20, 2021, the magnesium alloy building formwork symposium was held in the branch venue of the national Magnesium Industry Conference and the 24th Annual Meeting of the magnesium industry branch in 2021. More than 60 experts, scholars and enterprise leaders from the national original magnesium production, deep processing and magnesium alloy building formwork application fields attended the symposium.
Based on the principle of "focusing on resources of all parties, adhering to open cooperation and building a shared platform", the seminar focused on the latest research progress, application achievements and industrial hotspots of global magnesium alloy building formwork, committed to promoting the application and promotion of magnesium alloy building formwork in relevant fields, deepening exchanges and cooperation between all parties and promoting the industry to share innovative achievements.
5. The first symposium on magnesium battery and its key materials was held in Chongqing
In order to deeply discuss the technical hotspots and difficulties of magnesium battery materials, expand the application scope of magnesium in the field of energy storage and look forward to the bright prospect of the application of magnesium battery materials, the first symposium on magnesium battery and its key materials was held in Chongqing from October 28 to 30, 2021. The conference was co sponsored by the new energy materials development Working Committee of China Nonferrous Metals Society, magnesium industry branch of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, magnesium alloy branch of China Materials Research Society, Journal of magnesium and alloys, CO organized by Shaanxi Yulin magnesium industry (Group) Co., Ltd. and Shanxi shengmagnesium Technology Co., Ltd., and supported by nonferrous metals technology and Economy Research Institute Organized by the national magnesium alloy materials engineering technology research center of Chongqing University, and supported by 14 universities and scientific research institutes such as Shanghai Jiaotong University and Tsinghua University.
This session is the first session of the Symposium on magnesium battery and its key materials. Participants said that with the rapid progress of science and technology of new energy and its materials and the rapid development of the global electrochemical energy storage market, after this symposium, all research institutions will continue to cultivate scientific research achievements and promote industrial development with the transformation of achievements, Stimulate the new energy industry to achieve in-depth reform.
3、 Many magnesium alloy materials help China's aerospace
1. Magnesium alloy components and magnesium alloy surface treatment technology help the space station space and core module
On April 29, 2021, the Tianhe core module of China's space station was successfully launched and accurately entered the predetermined orbit. The magnesium alloy surface treatment technology developed by Han Enhou and song Yingwei of the material corrosion and protection center of the Institute of metals, Chinese Academy of Sciences was applied to the main structure subsystem of the core module medical sample analysis and high microgravity scientific experiment cabinet (hereinafter referred to as high microgravity cabinet) and container free scientific material experiment cabinet The magnesium components used in the automatic locking release mechanism of the suspension experimental system of high micro cabinet meet the multi-functional requirements of weight reduction, corrosion resistance and conductivity; The magnesium alloy cabin support components developed by North China Electric Power University have been verified by several rounds of key ground experiments and have been applied to the space station core module "Tianhe", which is another important application of high-strength magnesium alloy developed by North China Electric Power University in the aerospace field.
2. "Made in Xi'an" new magnesium lithium alloy helps tianwen-1 land on Mars
On May 15, 2021, the tianwen-1 landing patrol successfully landed in the pre selected landing area in the south of the Martian Utopia plain, and China's first Mars exploration mission successfully landed on Mars. The new magnesium lithium alloy material used in tianwen-1 detector is independently developed by Xi'an Sifang ultralight Material Co., Ltd.
It is understood that since its establishment, Xi'an Sifang ultra light materials Co., Ltd. has carried out in-depth cooperation with Xi'an Jiaotong University for a long time, jointly developed a new metal structure material magnesium lithium alloy, and built a magnesium lithium alloy production line in 2010, making breakthroughs in the smelting process, quality control, surface treatment, preparation and processing of magnesium lithium alloy, The overall technical level is at the domestic leading and international advanced level.
3. Chinalco light research alloy ultra light and high strength materials helped the successful launch of "one arrow and five stars"
On December 7, 2021, the ceres-1 (yao-2) carrier rocket was successfully launched from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, and five small satellites of Tianjin university-1, lize-1, Baoyun, jinzijing-5 and jinzijing-1 03 were successfully put into the predetermined orbit. The launch mission was a complete success.
A large number of ultra light and high-strength magnesium alloy products independently developed by Zhengzhou light research Alloy Technology Co., Ltd. were used in the satellite launched this time. The weight of relevant components was reduced by 35% - 40%, which greatly improved the payload and specific impulse of the satellite.
4、 Breakthrough in the application of magnesium functional materials
1. The team of Shanghai Jiaotong University has made a breakthrough in the clinical trial of medical magnesium alloy intraosseous plants
In January 2021, the Journal of orthopaedic translation, an International Journal of orthopaedic clinical transformation, published online the clinical trial observation results of degradable magnesium alloy bone nails published by the team of academician Dai Qirong and Professor Hao Yongqiang of Shanghai Jiaotong University, academician Ding Wenjiang and Professor Yuan Guangyin. All patients had internal ankle fracture healing and functional recovery after operation. The study confirmed the clinical efficacy and biosafety of degradable magnesium alloy screws in the treatment of medial malleolus fractures, which laid a solid foundation for the further clinical promotion and application of high-end medical devices such as fully degradable magnesium alloy implants. This is the first public report on the clinical trial of degradable medical magnesium alloy in China and the first public report on the clinical trial results of degradable magnesium alloy bone nail with functional coating in the world, which is of milestone significance.
2. Qingdao University of science and technology has made new progress in the modification of magnesium battery cathode
Rechargeable magnesium battery is a new type of electrochemical energy storage technology with magnesium as negative electrode, which is cheap, high safety and has potential advantages such as high energy density. It is expected to become one of the important energy storage technologies to solve the problems of low utilization efficiency of renewable energy and poor safety of electric energy.
Zhang Zhonghua, associate professor of the school of materials, Qingdao University of science and technology, Li guicun, Professor, and Cui Guanglei, researcher of the Institute of youth energy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, proposed a modification strategy based on the synergistic coupling of homogenization electric field, geometric confinement and chemical adsorption in the regulation of the morphology of magnesium battery cathode electrodeposition.
5、 Yulin magnesium industry is fully involved in the magnesium industry
Yulin magnesium industry (Group) Co., Ltd. was jointly established by Yulin group coal import and export company, Fugu County Government, Shaanxi nonferrous metals trading center Co., Ltd. and Yulin main metal magnesium production enterprises. It was inaugurated and established in fugu, Shaanxi on October 30, 2020.
On April 1, 2021, Yuneng group and Jiarui Group signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement. According to the agreement, the two sides will invest in the construction of high-end magnesium based materials and deep processing projects in Yulin high tech Zone, prepare the construction of national (provincial) magnesium material engineering center in Yulin, invest in the construction of precision die castings and new metal building formwork projects, and cooperate in the global downstream market of magnesium products and docking with end customers.
On April 27, 2021, the opening ceremony of magnesium export and cutting warehouse of Yulin magnesium group and the launching ceremony of container rail sea intermodal transport were held in Yulin xiangdao logistics park. Tianjin delivery warehouse is mainly oriented to overseas export markets. After its launch, it will effectively integrate Yulin's raw magnesium resources accounting for more than 50% of the world, form a strong scale effect, establish a leading position in industry export, improve the pricing and voice of export magnesium, and prepare for the establishment of overseas magnesium warehouses in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, Kobe, Japan and Vancouver, Canada, Realize the development plan of Yulin magnesium global layout.
6、 Further deepening of enterprise cooperation and continuous commencement of new projects
1. The annual output of 2 million pieces of high-performance magnesium alloy building formwork project of Chaohu Yunhai magnesium industry was started
On October 26, 2021, the commencement ceremony of the project with an annual output of 2 million pieces of high-performance magnesium alloy building formwork was held in the plant area of Chaohu Yunhai Magnesium Industry Co., Ltd. At the site of the commencement ceremony, Wang Jin, deputy secretary of Chaohu municipal Party committee and President of the Party school, said that focusing on the high-performance light alloy industry, accelerating the construction of magnesium based new material industrial base and large transportation lightweight industrial base, and focusing on cultivating and expanding new material and new industrial clusters, has taken solid steps. The commencement of the project marks another important step forward in the industrial agglomeration of magnesium based alloy new materials in Chaohu City.
2. Anhui baomei magnesium based light alloy and deep processing project started
On December 28, 2021, the Yangtze River Delta integration project of Anhui baomagnesium with an annual output of 300000 tons of high-performance magnesium based light alloy and deep processing started in Qingyang County Economic Development Zone, Chizhou City, Anhui Province. Yang Guangrong, vice governor of Anhui Province, Hu Wangming, general manager of China Baowu group, Fang Zheng, Secretary of Chizhou municipal Party committee, and Hou Angui, deputy general manager of China Baowu group jointly pressed the project commencement ball. Ding Wenjiang, academician of Chinese Academy of engineering, sun Qian, vice president and Secretary General of magnesium branch of China Nonferrous Metals Association, relevant principals and employee representatives of China Baowu new material industry development center, Baosteel metal, Yunhai metal, Anhui baomg Light Alloy Co., Ltd. attended the event.
Anhui baomei high-performance magnesium based light alloy and deep processing project with an annual output of 300000 tons is jointly invested and constructed by Baosteel metal, Yunhai metal and Qingyang construction investment. The total investment is planned to be 14.8 billion yuan, covering an area of about 2200 mu. The construction contents include mining, ore processing, magnesium smelting and magnesium alloy processing, ore transportation corridor, wharf engineering and related production and living supporting facilities, The completion of the project will further optimize the industrial layout of China Baowu group and promote the high-quality development of the enterprise.
7、 Magnesium alloy materials for automobile lightweight are continuously promoted
On March 8, 2021, Jiangsu Hengyi Auto Parts Manufacturing Co., Ltd., the holding subsidiary of Huada Automobile Technology Co., Ltd., plans to establish a joint venture with Wujiang Xinshen Aluminum Technology Development Co., Ltd. to jointly invest in the application and localized production of High-performance Magnesium Alloy for battery trays of new energy vehicles in Zhongguancun Industrial Park, Liyang City, Jiangsu Province.
In August 2021, the magnesium alloy charger shell jointly designed by Subaru automobile company and Wanfeng magnesium Ruiding was assembled by magnesium alloy casting, which reduced the weight by 25% compared with aluminum casting. This is the first time that magnesium alloy material is used in the shell of vehicle charger, showing more potential of magnesium in electric vehicles.
In September 2021, Qinghai Salt Lake Teli magnesium Co., Ltd. customized the steering wheel for BYD. It is reported that the steering wheel adopts magnesium one-time pressing technology.
In December 2021, the three-phase asynchronous motor project jointly developed by Wanfeng Aowei and Wolong Electric Drive successfully passed the type test. The motor integrates the latest technologies such as lightweight optimization technology of magnesium alloy motor shell, magnesium alloy anti-corrosion application technology and magnesium alloy fatigue performance technology. The shell weight is more than 30% lighter than that of traditional aluminum alloy motor, and the motor power density can be increased by more than 5%.
8、 Industry cooperation has increased significantly
1. Qinghai Salt Lake Co., Ltd. signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with GuoXuan high tech, the leader of lithium battery, to focus on new lithium magnesium materials
On December 13, 2021, the strategic cooperation framework agreement was signed between Qinghai guokexuan Co., Ltd. and Qinghai guokexuan Co., Ltd. The agreement states that in order to give full play to the advantages of both parties in the fields of lithium salt extraction and processing, manufacturing and R & D of lithium battery new energy materials, through friendly negotiation, both parties intend to conduct in-depth cooperation in the fields of new energy, lithium battery, scientific and technological R & D, lithium magnesium materials and talent training, so as to promote the improvement of competitiveness and rapid business development of both parties in the field of new energy industry.
2. Fugu County held a strategic cooperation signing ceremony with Shaanxi Automobile Holding Group
On November 26, 2021, Fugu County held a strategic cooperation signing ceremony with Shaanxi Automobile Holding Group. Zhou xiangqiang, deputy secretary of the Party committee and general manager of Shaanxi Automobile Holding Group, Wang Zhao, director of the technology center, Wu Jing, deputy secretary of Fugu County Party committee and acting county magistrate, and Bai Yanxia, member of the Standing Committee of Fugu County Party committee and deputy county magistrate, attended the signing ceremony.
At the ceremony, the project leader of Shaanxi Automobile Holding Group explained and introduced the future cooperation direction; Bai Yanxia introduced the development, advantages and future development direction of magnesium industry in Fugu County; Wang Zhao introduced the application of magnesium alloy in the automotive field and the development layout of Dechuang's lightweight industry in the future; The two sides signed a strategic cooperation agreement.
The signing of the strategic cooperation agreement is of great significance for the transformation of traditional industries, the construction of modern industrial system and the high-quality development of economy and society in Fugu County. The two sides said they would carry out local enterprise cooperation based on complementary advantages, resource sharing, effectiveness and common development.
3. Baosteel metal Chongqing University co build advanced magnesium technology joint R & D Center
On December 26, 2021, Baosteel metal and Chongqing University held the signing ceremony and bronze medal unveiling ceremony of jointly building an advanced magnesium technology joint R & D center in Guangzhou.
Pan Fusheng, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, chairman of Chongqing Association for science and technology and director of the national magnesium alloy engineering center of Chongqing University, and Qi Weidong, President and Deputy Secretary of the Party committee of Baosteel Metal Co., Ltd., signed and unveiled the brand on behalf of Chongqing University and Baosteel metal respectively, and discussed the functional orientation, cooperative R & D direction The personnel exchange and training as well as the operation and management of the center were discussed in depth.
9、 Implement dual control of energy consumption and environmental protection supervision
1. Yulin City has increased dual control of energy consumption and implemented regulation measures such as production restriction and shutdown for some energy consuming enterprises, involving most magnesium plants
With the release of the national development and Reform Commission's heavy document "resolutely control high energy consumption and high emission projects", Yulin Municipal government has increased the "double control" of energy consumption. On September 13, 2021, Yulin development and Reform Commission of Shaanxi Province issued the notice on ensuring the completion of the goal and task of double control of energy consumption in 2021. It is required to implement regulation measures such as production restriction and shutdown for some energy consuming enterprises from September 2021. Among them, most magnesium plants in the main production area are involved.
2. Fugu County held a special meeting to study and deploy the implementation of environmental protection inspectors
In December 2021, the third ecological and environmental protection supervision group of the Central Committee of Shaanxi Province found that some places in Yulin City were ineffective in eliminating the backward production capacity of blue carbon, frequent illegal construction problems, extensive production methods and prominent environmental problems in industrial parks. The inspector found that the common scene in the blue carbon industrial park is that the sealing device required by the blue carbon production has not achieved the effect, the flue gas of the carbonization furnace escapes seriously, and the phenol ammonia wastewater is used for coke quenching, resulting in the massive escape of pollutants. In Fugu County alone, 349 blue carbon plants with a single furnace capacity of less than 75000 tons from 23 magnesium enterprises are still in illegal production, with a total capacity of 8.35 million tons.
In response to this problem, Fugu County held a special meeting on December 22, 2021 to study and deploy the rectification work of typical cases notified by the central environmental protection supervision group. Tian Xiaoning, Secretary of Fugu County Party committee, required to scientifically formulate the rectification plan, earnestly consolidate the local management responsibility, industry supervision responsibility and enterprise subject responsibility, dare to touch the real hard, and vigorously promote the "cancellation and zeroing" of notification problems according to the time node and rectification standards. We should adhere to the problem orientation, meet the requirements of national industrial policies and environmental protection policies, and improve the long-term working mechanism. We should not only solve the long-term problems accumulated in industrial development, but also solve the problems existing in the role of cadres, so as to promote the high-quality development of energy and chemical industry. We should actively comply with the requirements of the times, comprehensively improve the level of attracting investment and talents, give full play to the demonstration and driving role of industry benchmark projects, promote the adjustment and optimization of industrial structure, and take the development path of ecological priority, green and low-carbon.
10、 The sharp fluctuation of magnesium price has a negative impact on the market
In 2021, China's magnesium industry experienced unprecedented changes. Due to the sharp rise in the prices of major raw materials such as coal and ferrosilicon, and the mandatory shutdown of Fugu magnesium smelting enterprises, the main producer of raw magnesium, due to the implementation of energy consumption policies, the price of raw magnesium rose all the way and reached a record high. At the highest, it exceeded 70000 yuan / ton, an increase of more than 400% compared with 14000 yuan / ton at the beginning of the year. The crazy rise of magnesium price has caused a devastating blow to the development of downstream industries, and the processing and application enterprises have made comprehensive losses, and most of them have entered the state of shutdown; Aluminum alloy, sponge titanium and iron and steel enterprises have been unable to bear the high price of magnesium, reduce production or reduce application; Export orders are upside down, magnesium export traders are difficult to deliver, international trade disputes continue, and the double cycle of magnesium industry almost enters the state of shutdown. Contrary to the national policy of stabilizing price and ensuring supply, it has a serious negative impact on the sustainable development of magnesium market.